Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences

January 2021


The Impact of the Adoption of Human Resource Information Systems on The Employees' Performance Efficiency in the Pharmaceutical Companies in Saudi Arabia

Kainkan Marie

Abstract: This research is undertaken as a response to the accelerating changes, and challenges in the era of knowledge, and the digital economy, where the transition from traditional business to contemporary technical business has become an imperative necessity for all activities of business organizations, especially those related to their human resources. Thus, this empirical study aims to examine the impact of the adoption of Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) on the employees' performance efficiency in the pharmaceutical companies in Saudi Arabia. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) is used with its components: Perceived Usefulness (PU), Perceived Ease of Use (PEOU), Intention to Use (IU), and it is extended with additional components: Technical Support (TS) and Employees' Performance Efficiency (EPE) to determine the impact. The results of the current study indicate that (TS) positively affects both (PU) and (PEOU). Moreover, (PU), and (PEOU) positively affect (IU), which in return positively affects (EPE). This indicates that (EPE) can be improved with the usage of (HRIS) in the pharmaceutical companies. It is also evident through the results that having technical support is significant to enhance the efficiency of using the system in the searched companies. This study makes a valuable contribution due to the lack of studies that dealt with the impact of using the human resource information system in the industry sectors in general, and the pharmaceutical sector in particular in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Finally, this study concludes that it is worth to conduct future researches on other sectors, and determine other variables using (TAM) that may shed more light on the importance of using the human resource information system to improve the performance of business organizations, and increase their ability to keep pace with various changes in various fields.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-10 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2021.15.1.1


Translational Medicine In Geriatrics: A Systematic Review
Alexandre dos Santos Barcelos 1* , Fellipe Camargo Ferreira Dias 2 , Frederico Luiz Quixabeira Camargo 3 , Neila
Barbosa Osório 4 , Luiz Sinésio Silva Neto 5

Abstract: Studies on aging and the application of translational medicine (TM) practices have become increasingly relevant due to the soaring prevalence of chronic diseases associated with an aging population. There is growing evidence of the importance of translational science and medicine in improving patient health. The number of studies with a TM approach in geriatrics has increased in recent years, however, greater knowledge is needed on what types of studies are published in this scientific field. Therefore, this paper aims to describe and classify the findings in the literature on the types of studies in translational medicine in geriatrics. It is a systematic review of the literature. Searches were carried out in the Pubmed, Lilacs, Medline, and CAPES databases to find studies published between 2009 and 2019. These studies were also classified according to the stage and type of translational research. After the assessment with inclusion and exclusion criteria, 21 articles were selected, classified as T1 14%, T2 4%, T3 9%, T4 48% and NA 28%. Our results support that TM studies with older adults have a wide variability in terms of method, topics covered, classification of the research stage, and published journals. Research trends, such as the translational care model, the use of mass cytometry technique, “in silico” research, and translational Geroscience models were identified. We conclude that there is a need for greater investments in geriatric practice with TM principles, in order to optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of research and develop knowledge that can
improve health care for older adults, with better clinical applications.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 11-20 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2021.15.1.2


Some phytochemicals and Antioxidant activity of the Capsicum annuum type « Ahalimancou », pepper cultivated in the East of Côte

Ohouo Régina Antoinette DON, Chépo Ghislaine DAN, Pascal Amédée AHI, Faustin Aka KABRAN

Abstract: This study was carried out to assess the levels of certain phytochemicals and the antioxidant activity of "Ahalimancou" type pepper (Capsicum annuum) consumed in the east of Côte d'Ivoire.The pepper were harvested at the green, yellow, orange and red color stages of ripening. Then, the contents of total phenols, carotenoids, capsaicinoids and antioxidant activity were determined in the extract of the peppers. These parameters were determined respectively by spectrometry, HPLC and by the DPPH test. The results of the analysis of Capsicum annuum peppers of the“Ahalimancou” type showed that the yield of the extraction of phytochemicals evolves until the peppers ripen, with a higher value in red fruits. In addition, pepper fruits total phenol contents increase from 487.93 ± 9.52 mg GAE / 100 g DM (the yellow stage) to 617.20 ± 7.02 mg GAE / 100 g DM (orange stage). Also, carotenoids contents evolved from 5.06 ± 0.23 mg / 100g DM (green stage) to 55.90 ± 3.56 mg / 100 g DM (red stage). Likewise, the capsaicinoid contents increase with the pepper’s fruits ripening. The capsaicin content increased from 792.29 ± 2.42 mg / 100 (green fruit) to 1175.63 ± 2.01 mg / 100 g (red fruit), that of dihydrocapsaicin increased from 218.70 ± 5 .65 (green stage) to 423.60± 4.63 mg / 100 g DM (red stage) and then, total capsaicinoids varied from 1167.10 ± 3.06 mg / 100g DM (green stage) to 1599.20 mg / 100 g DM (red stage). In the case of antioxidant activity, from 12 μg / mL of orange and red pepper extracts, more than 80 % inhibition of the DPPH radical is observed. These results underline the importance of Capsicum annuum “Ahalimancou” peppers in the contribution of human health.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 21-28 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2021.15.1.3


Evaluation of the mechanical performance of different coating mortars types after an accelerated aging process

Alessandra Tolentino Souza, Gilberto Alves da Silva Neto, Henrique Silveira Neto, Rodrigo Barreto Caldas, White Jose dos Santos

Abstract: There are different types of mortars, which are essential elements of façades for protecting the inner building materials. Therefore, there is an increasing worry about the durability of these mortars in the civil construction sector, raising studies about this topic, and developing tests to evaluate durability issues, such as the accelerated aging procedures, for instance. The aim of this paper was to assess (quantitatively and qualitatively) the effect of accelerated aging process on the behavior of different coating mortars. Three mortars were characterized and evaluated in this research: M – Mixed mortar (made of cement and hydraulic lime); P – Mortar with Plasticizer only; and WP – Mortar with Water-retaining and Plasticizer. Each mortar was initially characterized for: density, water absorption, porosity and modulus of elasticity. Then, they were evaluated before and after accelerated aging process (adapted method of the Brazilian standard ABNT NBR 15575-4:2013) for: compressive, flexural and tensile bond strength, and pathological manifestations. The procedure of simulate the aging of mortars is important to properly define the proportion of materials, focusing on the durability of the façades, since their behavior through the years and under usual environmental conditions can be predicted. From the results it was noticed low variability in density, porosity and water absorption, between the three evaluated mortars. After the aging process, WP had low variation in mechanical performance, P increased its tensile bond and flexural strength, and M increased only its tensile bond strength. In conclusion, the simulated aging caused significant changes in the properties of the coating mortars, being the WP mortar the most suitable for coating application. Thus, this study also contributes to the evolution of knowledge about mortars with admixtures.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 29-41 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2021.15.1.4


The Impact of Internal Marketing Practice on Employee’s Satisfaction

Kamal Abubker Sleiman, Lan Juanli, Hongzhen Lei, Liu Ru

Abstract: Background: Internal marketing was explored to satisfy the employees and to solve the delivering service quality. The researcher takes ‘empowerment, training programs, incentive and rewards and internal communication in an account in order to investigate the internal marketing practice. Objective: The objective of this paper is to study the effect of internal marketing practice on employee satisfaction in the bank of Khartoum, to investigate how internal marketing concept is implemented in the bank of Khartoum in Sudan. Results: A sample of 105 questionnaire was distributed to the employees in their workplace 85 were found valid for statistical evaluation. In order to check the study hypotheses and to attain its goal, the applied mathematics Package for science Program (SPSS) was used. The result shows that internal communication found to be the most significant effect the practicing of internal marketing, followed by incentive and reward, empowerment and training program. Conclusion: This study focus on four underpinning for developing employee satisfaction, it recommended that future research should extend the satisfaction underpinning and apply this study to other banks in Sudan or elsewhere especially comparison studies about this subject.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 42-48 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2021.15.1.5