Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences

April 2021


Study of the feasibility of sensor implementation and door automation for wheelchair accessibility in public bathrooms

PEREIRA, Azenate Regina, MACHADO, Lucas, ALVES, Nicole Ferreira, PEREIRA JUNIOR, Sebastião Renato, PADUANO, Vitor Hugo, KAWANO, Marianne Sumie

ABSTRACT: This research was carried out with the purpose of evaluating the possibility of automating the accessibility of public access to public toilets through sensors, in order to facilitate the entry and exit of wheelchair users. The importance of conducting this study stems from the fact that, currently, there are several innovations and automations on the market that increase productivity and quality in the industry, streamline processes, facilitate daily activities through automation and the use of sensors. Therefore, it appears that there is a possibility to improve the quality of life of wheelchair users, to further ease locomotion and movement in several ways ensuring safety and minimizing physical stress. In addition, an interview was conducted with wheelchair users, in order to understand their difficulties in accessing the Person with disability (PwD) public bathroom door. And it is important to highlight that the greatest difficulty is to be lack of physical space in a toilet, added to the opening doors struggle. The study portrays a method for adapting the door through automation with sensors and the costs involved in this project. The modification of the sensors provides a great automation option, by making possible that public bathroom doors to open with a better space and width. Besides, a modification like this will guarantee a decrease of some difficulties of the bathroom use by wheelchair users. While it provides safety, inclusion and a significant reduction of the daily stress aiming to a safer and independent life. This paper presents a feasibility study for the implementation of the automation mentioned above. Then, it is necessary to comprehended about the difficulties facing by wheelchairs users regarding the infrastructure found in public places to researching the civil construction standards that regulate the accessibility of public toilets. In addition, an understanding of electronic resources, technologies and costs that could enable the development of the automation. Besides, research of what the academic community is studying about it could help to lead to a better understanding of the subject.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-8 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2021.15.4.1


Female Education In Debate: Educational Evolution between the 1910s and 2010s decades in Curitiba

GRANDE, Kauana de Paula Domingues, CHICALSKI, Marcela Aparecida, SILVA, Mayara Camilli Camargo

ABSTRACT: The present work entitled “FEMALE EDUCATION IN DEBATE: EDUCATIONAL EVOLUTION BETWEEN THE 1910s AND 2010s DECADES IN CURITIBA” aims to analyze the evolution of female education, within the capital of the state of Paraná as a background to develop and understanding the profile of the debate during the period of time referred. While dealing with the theme, the aim is to highlight the dichotomies present in each educational model. As well as the critical analysis of the female role played in both time frames according to the formal education model undertaken in the corresponding period, conceiving and recognizing the school as an important and active Social Institution. Since the evolution of the female figure as a social individual found in education a necessary foundation and partner. Then, the first educational models found in the capital of the state of Paraná presented to the wealthy portion of females the intended civility manuals. In contrast, the construction allowed during the 20th century, opened the possibility of a quality of the democratic and critical public policies in the construction of an educational curriculum with inclusive pretensions and against gender discrimination. Therefore, architecting the possibility of an emancipatory education for the majority of girls and women from Curitiba. It is also intended to actively include themes of historiographic nature in the scientific scope of Education. The aspects discussed here are guided by the relationship between social roles and education, especially in the hermeneutic analysis of primary sources composed of teaching manuals from the first studied decade and curricula and public policies in the second. Above all, it seeks to establish a social analysis of the paths followed to an education at the service of self-government.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 9-17 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2021.15.4.2


Sexual harassment in the workplace

CARVALHO, André dos Santos, MENON, Bruno Bergamaschi, BARBOSA, Lucas Roberto, DA SILVA, Millena Cristhine, CARAVELO, Silvana Rodrigues, PUHL, Camila

ABSTRACT: In Brazil, the majority of harassment cases in companies were registered from the 90s, and nowadays, this issue is dealt with daily inside companies, this is a matter that has grown and has been part of the daily routine of companies. These situations are determined by a relationship between power and submission. It is a conduct aiming to diminish, to execute an abusive conduct, to embarrass an and obtain personal and sexual gain. Although provided for under the Brazilian Constitution as a crime and a violation of fundamental rights, it remains as part of the organization’s culture. In addition, there are adverse effects that can cause physical or psychological damage to the victims. The purpose of this study is to compare both male and female perceptions of sexual harassment in organizations, through a survey and bibliography research. This research also aims, in addition to understanding the behavior of people given some situations considered normal in the workplace, to compare the perspectives of men and women, regarding Paul's questionnaire, on how they react to the same situation. Besides, there are differences between types of harassment that are present in workplace environment. And it is also an important indicator to understand what are male and female’s perceptions about all types of harassment as well. Because it provides an understanding about why some behaviors are considered “normal”, when in matter of fact it is a sexual harassment. Therefore, it should be noted that this perception is usually associated to the male’s answer on the survey. While there is a different perception followed by a better identification of situations that are harassment, with a less tolerable conduct about it, and this viewpoint is from the female answers.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 18-22 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2021.15.4.3