Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences

October 2019


The mediating effects of innovation culture on leadership traits, leadership style, and firm performance

Seema Al Kabi a, Khalid Almarrib

Abstract Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the association of the four main constructs; leadership traits towards innovation, leadership style, innovation culture, and firm performance. In particular, this paper focuses on three sectors comprising of construction, manufacturing an information technology. Additionally, this paper attempts to examine the role of innovation culture in mediating the relationship between leadership traits, leadership style and firm performance. Design/methodology/approach – The conceptual model of this study incorporating tow construct of leadership including leadership traits towards innovation and leadership style along with constructs addressing the role of innovation culture as a mediating variable and firm performance. Quantitative date was collected from a questionnaire survey of 150 design professionals working in constructions, manufacturing and information technology firm. Specifically, Component Factor Analysis (CFA) conducted to affirm the factors underlying each construct. To validate the data, face validate was undertaken to determine the suitability of the instrument and pre-tested before the distribution to respondents. The Cronbach Alpha for each constructs were above 0.700 which means that it is internally consistent. Findings – The results confirmed that there is a positive correlation between leadership traits towards innovation and leadership style which means that leadership traits impact leadership style. Additionally, the study generated positive relationship between leadership traits towards innovation and innovation culture, and positive relationship between leadership style and innovation culture. Furthermore, it was found that leadership traits towards innovation and leadership style directly influence firm performance. Finally, innovation culture mediates the relationship between leadership towards innovation and firm performance as well as leadership style and firm performance. Originality/value – This study presents an important developed model that tested the effect of leadership and innovation on firm performance which help firms to improve knowledge and enhance business performance.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-9 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.1


The influence of the external temperature on a cooling box thermoelectric system

Yuri R. Fischer, Italo S. Silva, José C. C. Dutra

Abstract In the present paper, a thermoelectric cooling system modelling of a box was developed and the influence of the external temperature on this system was analyzed. The modelling shows that high external temperatures limit the thermoelectric cooling performance of the system. It was observed also that the external temperature limit the value of heat that can be removed by the thermoelectric system for each internal temperature set point of the cooling box. Substitute the thermoelectric cooling module (TEC) is an option to improve the cooling performance, however is important to observe that the external temperature can affect this improvement.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 10-15 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.2


Testing the air delay variability

Daniel Alberto Pamplona, Claudio Jorge Pinto Alves

Abstract Delay is a key point in the air transportation activity. It is considered a performance metric and a multidimensional issue. Delay is directly responsible for increased costs to airlines and passengers, airline loss of demand and profitability, and indirectly impact the economy of a country. Although the air traffic flow management (ATFM) literature indicates that most congestion problems are fixed on the day of operations tactically there is a lack in the literature that verifies the difference between delay averages. The objective of the present study is to investigate the existence of variability among air delay. We examined the yearly, monthly, daily, hourly and weekly air delay median differences using statistical tests. We conducted three statistical tests in the present study. Initially, we used the Kruskal-Wallis equality of populations rank test. We adopt it to establish if there are statistically significant differences between two or more delay groups. Since it is an omnibus statistic test, to determine which groups are different, we conducted two post hoc test: the Dunn´s Multiple Comparison test and The Conover-Iman Pairwise test. Results showed that the yearly and weekly intragroup median delay presented singularity, indicating that each time is unique. For the monthly, daily, and hourly median delay displayed intragroup similarities, as the demand intensity can be translated into the level of delay faced by the system. The present study contributes to the air delay literature showing that each operational period displays a characteristic behavior. For this reason, all the planned solutions to decrease air delay must be adapted according to the presented situation in the day of operation. Our study emphasizes the importance of local, determined and adjustable measures with a huge emphasis on the concrete problem to decrease the air delay.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 16-24 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.3


Adaptive System for of Load Capacity in Piles Based on Error Minimization

Alcineide Pessoa, Carolina Rosa, Raphael Magalhães, Gean Sousa, Luiz Mauricio Furtado Maués

Abstract Calculating load capacity is a major problem in geotechnics. The solution of this problem through computational mechanisms has instigated several researchers. In this sense, this article aims to present a computational model capable of calculating the load capacity from information such as length, diameter and type of pile. The methodology used is to model a system that has as theoretical basis the working principles of adaptive filters. In the construction of the model and validation, a total of 306 compressive load tests were used. To verify the efficiency of the proposed methodology, the cross-validation method was used. It has been found in computer simulations that the adaptive algorithm is capable of predicting load capacity with good accuracy. The best result obtained had a Root Mean Square Error –RMSE of 518.99 KN and a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.91%.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 25-32 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.4


Association between Obesity and Blood pressure incidence among Minia University Students, Upper Egypt

Medhat A. Salah and Abdelhamid S. Abobaker

Abstract Obesity is a well-established independent risk factor for hypertension and other cardiometabolic disorders. The target of the study is to evaluate the anthropometric differences and prevalence of hypertension between students at Minia University, Upper Egypt and to know the correlation between anthropometric measurements with blood pressure. A cross sectional study was done with a sample of 5572 college students (3276 Boys and 2296 girls) studying at Minia University, El-minia governorate, Arab Republic of Egypt, of age between 17-19 years old. Anthropometric data was collected, including weight, stature, midarm, midchest, waist, hip circumferences, and skinfold thickness of biceps, triceps, subscapular, abdominal and suprailiac regions. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-stature ratio (WSR) were calculated. Results; all anthropometric parameters indicating body adiposity were higher in female than male students, except for the mean BMI (males: 23.4±3.9 kg/m2 and females: 23±3.8 kg/m2) and 15.98% of male subjects and 10.5% of females were overweight or obese, with significant level (p<0.05). The means of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure were higher in male students (mean of SBP= 118.1±10 mmHg, DBP= 76.1±7.9 mmHg), than female students (SBP= 110.9±10.3 mmHg, DBP= 71.1±8 mmHg). The present study concluded that; in Minia university Students, overweight, general obesity and central obesity were all positively correlated with hypertension in both genders and the relationship between hypertension and general obesity was stronger than the relationship between hypertension and central obesity in both genders

[ FULL TEXT PDF 33-41 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.5


Knowledge and Attitude of Nigerian Undergraduates toward Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing: A Case Study

J. Kio, C. Agbede, K. Kosoko, T. Leslie

Abstract HIV/AIDS is a major health concern in Africa with half of new infections occurring in young people. This study aimed at assessing knowledge and attitude of Nigerian undergraduate towards voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VHCT) with the null hypothesis that knowledge and personal characteristics do not influence attitude. Descriptive study design was used. Information were collected from 174 undergraduates (from selected University) using structured questionnaire (78% reliability). All analyses were at p≤0.05. Result showed that most of the respondents (53%) visited the health counselor for VHCT only once particularly to fulfill admission procedure. Moderate level of knowledge of HIV/AIDS was observed among the respondents and poor attitudes toward VHCT. Factors responsible for the poor attitudes includes: peer influence and assumed public stigmatization. Positive and significant relationship was found between knowledge level and attitudes towards VHCT. The study concludes by emphasizing that HIV awareness drive by Nigerian institutions should be more intentional about increasing the knowledge of the youth especially as regards risky sexual behaviour and need for routine testing. Furthermore, Institutional policy framework combining parental and institutional guardians and counseling in combating HIV/AIDS in Nigeria should be explored.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 42-47 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.6


Influence of Silvicultural Techniques on the Occurrence of Compression Wood and Consequences on Wood Quality

Vinícius Rosa Schweitzer, Jorge Luis Monteiro de Matos, Martha Andreia Brand, José Guilherme Prata

Abstract Wood quality is affected by several factors intrinsic to the tree and its growth and external and genetic factors that contribute to unwanted changes that compromise its use in the industry. Pinus taeda is the most widely planted species in southern Brazil, with a planted area of over 1.5 million hectares, and is of fundamental importance to the construction, furniture manufacturing and pulp and paper industries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence that the management techniques and the origin of the seeds used in seedling production have on the occurrence of compression wood and its consequences on wood quality. We analyzed 18 year old Pinus taeda trees from two different origins, which received silvicultural and non - silvicultural treatments. The trees were evaluated for their chemical, physical and mechanical properties. The evaluation of the physical properties of the samples was performed by characterizing the basic specific mass, the chemical properties used in the characterization were, inorganic material content, ethanol / toluene extractives, sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and total extractives, insoluble lignin contente and holocellulose, in turn the mechanical properties were measured through the modulus of rupture and elasticity of the samples to the tests of static flexion and parallel compression to the fibers. The main results of this study were that the presence of compression wood was found only in trees from South Africa and were submitted to management techniques, that the application of management techniques can not be considered as the only causative fator compression wood, which the occurrence of compression wood significantly affected several properties of Pinus taeda wood, among them the basic specific mass, the indices of the sodium hydroxide extractives, the ash content, the insoluble lignin and the holocellulose as well as reduced the modulus of elasticity of the wood in the static bending test. The Brazilian plantations of Pinus taeda are mostly formed by the South Africa origin, and it was only observed in this origin the occurrence of compression wood, which may cause significant losses to the Brazilian Pinus production chain.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 48-54 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.7


An Analysis of Factors affecting Learners' attitudes towards the Integration of E-learning into the Higher Education System in Libya: Case Study; Misurata University

Khalid Ramadan, Jamal Elatresh, Alzain Alzain, Umit Tokeser

Abstract Investigating the learners' attitudes towards e-learning is significant because it is a widespread technique and it enriches the understanding of the challenges of integrating such systems into the education process. Although the learners’ attitudes toward e-learning in many developed countries have seen a significant amount of research, unfortunately in Libya this work is still in its infancy. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the attitude of learners in the Libyan Higher Education System (LHES) toward e-learning. A questionnaire methodology has been harnessed to collect data from 407 students across different colleges at Misurata University (MU), in Libya. To investigate the research hypothesizes, the collected data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social sciences (SPSS). The results reveal that the learners at MU have a positive attitude towards e-learning. It also indicated that the attitude of learners is varied based on their academic discipline, their experience with using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools, and English proficiency. The results of this research might be leading to provide clear insights that could be contributing to the effective implementation of E-learning in LHES.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 55-64 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.8


One Tambon One Product Implementation Strategies In Malang Raya

Gunariantoa. Mulyonob

Abstract The objectives of this research are: 1) to understand leading sectors that positively contribute to economic growth; and 2) to comprehend One Tambon One Product (OTOP) implementation strategies in Malang Raya. Research object is Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises in Malang Raya. Data analysis is done with various techniques such as long list of leading commodities, Analytical Hierarchy Process (comprising activities such as building hierarchy, conducting survey and analyzing survey result), and Focus Group Discussion. Result of research provides few findings. Leading commodities of Malang City are derived from three kinds of trading system, namely, traditional trade (for vegetables, fishes and its kinds), large-scale trade, and mixed trade. Malang Regency's leading commodities produced mostly by industries, such as food industry, wood industry, metal industry, and plait/pottery/ceramic industry. Batu City’s leading commodities are emanated from wholesale market, star and jasmine hotels, natural and artificial tourism, food and beverage, and wet and mixed markets. The implementation of OTOP Program in Malang Raya, however, is not fully supported by local government in various levels. Local government, therefore, is suggested to play significant roles regarding to this matter, such as by identifying potential products that can be administered in OTOP Program, giving business advices to producers, maintaining packaging quality, and controlling product design to make sure that products are attractive in the market. Local government can also do some supporting activities such as facilitating marketing channel, managing market chain, and providing access to internet. Supporting organizations must be made available, such as supporting agent for business development or that for technical assistance, and also coordinator forum across institutions. Those supporting organizations may later be helpful in implementing many strategies for MSMEs development, and the suggested strategy in this context is product differentiation.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 65-72 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.9


Strategies For Creative Economic Development In Malang Raya

Tuti Hastutia, Marjani Ahmad Tahirb, Endah Puspitosariec

Abstract This research has several objectives, which include: (1) understanding creative economic potentials in Malang Raya; (2) analyzing creative economic development; and (3) conceptualizing comprehensive ideas of creative economic that comprise various activities from finding creative economic in a region to making strategic plan for developing it. Three analysis methods used by this research, respectively, are: (1) Location Quotient (LQ) Analysis; (2) Shift Share (SS) Analysis; and (3) SWOT Matrix Analysis. Some findings were obtained, and the explanation is given as follows. Leading sectors in Malang City include: (a) Sector of Water Supply, Trash & Waste Management, and Recycle; (b) Sector of Construction; (c) Sector of Wholesale & Retail Tradings and Reparation of Cars & Motorcycles; (d) Sector of Finance and Insurance Services; (e) Sector of Education Services; and (f) Sector of Health and Social Activity Services. Leading sectors in Batu City consist of: (a) Sector of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery; (b) Sector of Construction; (c) Sector of Wholesale & Retail Tradings and Reparation of Cars & Motorcycles; (d) Sector of Accommodation and Food & Beverage Provisioning; and (e) Sector of Other Services. Leading sectors in Malang Regency comprise: (a) Sector of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery; (b) Sector of Processing Industry; and (c) Sector of Other Services. Result of SWOT analysis showed that strategic position of creative economic in Malang Raya is described as that growing and developing. The suggested alternative of strategy to be used in the future is market development strategy.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 73-82 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.10


Creation of Blended Learning Environment

Choo-Kim Tan, Choo-Peng Tan, Shaun Ng Wes

Abstract Nowadays, the blended learning (BL) adoption in education becomes popular. Recently, the blended learning concept has been employed in researchers’ university. Researcher adopted the blended learning concept as a face-to-face contact blends with online learning experience in classroom and outside the classroom in this project, with the aims to create a blended learning environment using various online tools and to provide students with BL experience. Mathematical Techniques and Knowledge Management were chosen for the creation of of BL environment in this project. Prezi, Quizizz, Kahoot and MMLS and the presentation design of the teaching and learning materials are to be discussed in this paper. Students felt that BL environment enhanced their learning; they could understand the subjects’ contents better. They also found their learning fun and interesting.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 83-88 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.11


Conversation-based Learning Agents Framework

Choo-Peng Tan, Choo-Kim Tan, Siong-Hoe Lau, Shaun Ng Wes

Abstract Student’s performance and achievement is always a concern. Teaching and learning process with not only blended learning but with learning agents too is found benefited. In Malaysia, it was found that incorporating conversation-based agents in teaching and learning is very rarely. Thus, this project aims to propose a framework to develop a conversation-based agent that assists students’ learning in blended learning and to examine the effects of incorporating conversation-based agent on students’ achievement in mathematics. Results from phase I showed that all students had never used the conversation-based learning agents in their learning and they are looking forward to use the conversation-based learning agents which they believe that the agents will make the learning fun and interesting. It is hoped that the framework that will be designed and developed in this study is significant to the instructional designers and educators in helping students to reduce difficulties and anxiety level in mathematics and thus improve performance in mathematics.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 89-92 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.12


Rationalization of Action Process on Fishermen Society

Awaluddin Hamzah, i Muhaimin Hamzah, Hartina Batoa, Abdul Gafaruddin, Muh. Aswar Limi, Syamsul Alam Fiyka, La Ode Kasno Arif

Abstract The high social differentiation in industrial society is strongly influenced by machine, capital, and expertise in the ongoing work process, which in turn classifies industrial workers based on mastery of the elements of production. This study can provide recommendations for a model of empowerment of fishing communities based on patronage institutions that are experiencing dynamics. The location of this research study was chosen purposively based on the consideration of access to enter the area, personal relationships between researcher and prospective informants (respondents) had been well established; the majority of the people in this area worked as fishermen. The very prominent institutions were patron-client relations system. Rational actions (consideration of effectiveness and efficiency) of fishermen were seen in the consideration to create innovation in terms of catch technology. This was performed to increase the production and income of fishermen. However, rationalization did not develop in terms of reinvestment, even though the Punggawa (Indonesian terms - especially Bugis society - of capital owners) was actually able to do it. In addition to the availability of fishing support institutions, fishermen could also concentrate fully on fishing activities until at the time fish brought to land. The growing rationalization of actions has not been able to move the economy of the fishing community as a whole. This is also one of the factors that causes patron-client institutions to continue to exist (survive) in the midst of society.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 93-98 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.13


Factors Effecting Information Security Management and their impacts on Organization performance in the work environment: Case study; Hatif Libya Company ( HLC )

Jamal Elattresh, Khalid Ramadan, Umit Tokeser

Abstract Information security (InfoSec) is an important issue which is gaining more and more interest by organizations worldwide. This study aims to evaluate the service management approach of information security management that applied and utilized to improve effective information security management in the Hatif Libya Company (HLC). The aim of this study is to evaluate the processes and the performance of HLC by following the improvements of information security management standards at the company. This research study has used a descriptive research approach to collect the required data by designing and distributing an online questionnaire to the study participants. An interpretive case-study approach, as well as questionnaires, were employed to support data gathering. On the other hand, the researchers have reviewed previous studies that talked about subjects to compare among identifying the similarities as well as differences among related to the research topic. The discussion and analysis processes has been applied for the findings and results to evaluate the importance of considering information security management for HLC and Libyan related companies; and also, for those who are interested in the same study subject. In conclusion, The main objective of this research, concepts and principles of information security have been tested to deliver actionable information for decision-makers within HLC firm to manage their corporate assets and ensure their resilience and increase productivity. In addition, this practical research study is an important for Libyan organizations as organizations are working at one of the development countries who they are seeking to ensure high level of information security management factors to increase company’s performance and productivity to make time to market.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 99-107 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2019.13.10.14